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Air Pollution from Global Health to Individual Risk Factor—Is It Time for Enviropathies?

A new paper written by ICSW members and published in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

While the link between cardiovascular and respiratory conditions and air pollution is well-known, recent studies provided a growing body of evidence that polluted air, particularly air with high levels of particulate matter with a diameter smaller than 2.5 micrometers (PM 2.5), can have a range of negative impacts on health, both in terms of mortality and morbidity. It is time to emphasize the role of environmental factors as contributory factors or determinants of both global and individual health levels, and to consider them together as a health priority, as enviropathies (meant as pathologies caused, triggered or worsened by environmental exposure). Bringing attention to harmful air pollution exposure has fostered population studies, which developed accurate quantification of environmental exposure in polluted regions, aiding our understanding of the dose-response relationship between pollutants and diseases. Those efforts have influenced local and global health policy strategies.

Now we face the challenge of controlling environmental pollution and limiting individual exposure to prevent or avoid serious health risks. Is it time for enviropathies in everyday clinical practice?

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